- Death date
- Nobel Prize in Physics, Japan Prize of the Science and Technology Foundation of Japan, Wolf Prize
Peter Grünberg was born in occupied Plzeň, in the modern day Czech Republic, on May 18, 1939. In 1959, Grünberg attended Wolfgang Goethe University and earned his Ph.D. in physics from the Darmstadt University of Technology in 1969. In 1972, Grünberg joined the Forschungszentrum Jülich, where he discovered giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in 1988. Grünberg was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for this discovery along with Albert Fert. GMR allowed storage devices to rapidly shrink in size, which made miniaturized devices like the iPod possible.
Grünberg died on April 9th, 2018.