Discovery of Extractive Metallurgy


In and around modern Turkey, people discover that liquid copper can be extracted from malachite and azurite and that the molten metal can be cast into different shapes, unlocking the Earth's mineralogical treasures.

A word about the original artwork: It was created by TMS’s David Rasel, who drew stylistic inspiration from the etchings in Georgius Agricola’s De Re Metallica. David’s mix of anachronism, whimsy, and technical/historical artistic license adds a memorable stamp to the proceedings.