U.S. Bureau of Mines

The U.S. Bureau of Mines was created to increase mine safety after the tragedies at the Monongah, WV and Cherry, IL mines in 1910.

Notable achievements of the U.S. Bureau of Mines include the Federal Coal Mine Safety Act of 1952, which allowed annual inspections in underground coal mines, and the Coal Act of 1969, which granted the federal government the ability to inspect both surface and underground coal mines twice a year. Congress voted to close the U.S. Bureau of Mines in 1995, funneling its programs to the oversight of other federal agencies, most notably the National Institute of Health and Occupational Safety (NIOSH).