Texas Oil Boom

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Lucas gusher at Spindletop Hill in Beaumont, Texas.

The U.S.'s first deep oil well and gusher at Spindletop, near Beaumont, Texas.  On January 10, 1901, Captain Anthony F. Lucas's combined use of fishtail bits, water-based drilling mud, and steam-driven rotary drill rig results in such success that it triggers the Texas oil boom.