Difference between revisions of "Morris Tanenbaum"

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See [[Oral-History:Morris Tanenbaum|Morris Tanenbaum's Oral-History]]
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{{Biography
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|Birthdate=1928/11/10
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|Associated organizations=[[Bell Labs]]
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|Fields of study=Transistors, Superconductivity
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}}
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Morris Tanenbaum was born on November 10th, 1928. He is most known for making one of the world's first [[Silicon Transistor|silicon transistor]] in 1955.
  
Morris Tanenbaum was born on November 10th, 1928, and as of writing is 91 years old (2019). He is most famous for making the world's first [[Silicon Transistor|silicon transistor]] in 1955.  
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Tanenbaum received his Bachelors in chemistry from John Hopkins (1949) and his PhD in physical chemistry from Princeton. He began work at [[Bell Labs|Bell Laboratories]] in 1952, in the Chemical Physics Department. He worked on the chemical composition of transistors. Ca. 1954, at [[William Shockley|William Shockley’s]] prompting, he began work on silicon crystals as possible [[transistors]]. With the invaluable collaboration of the technician Ernie Buehler, he developed one of the world’s first silicon transistors in January 1955. [[Gordon Teal]] and [[Texas Instruments]] developed a similar device in parallel. The same year he invented a diffused base silicon transistor. While Bell Labs had a significant technological lead in silicon transistor technology, they stopped doing proper research in the field, partly due to relevancy to AT&T’s business interests. As a result, silicon transistor technology, including the integrated circuit, was further developed by [[Intel]] and Texas Instruments.  
  
Tanenbaum received his Bachelors in chemistry from John Hopkins (1949) and his PhD in physical chemistry from Princeton. He began work at [[Bell Labs|Bell Laboratories]] in 1952, in the Chemical Physics Department. He worked on the chemical composition of transistors. Ca. 1954, at [[William Shockley|William Shockley’s]] prompting, he began work on silicon crystals as possible [[transistors]]. With the invaluable collaboration of the technician Ernie Buehler, he made the world’s first [[Silicon Transistor|silicon transistor]] in January 1955. (He notes the competing claims of [[Gordon Teal]] and Texas Instruments, but believes, and provides evidence for his belief, that his work predated theirs by several months.) The same year he invented the first diffused base silicon transistor. Then, although [[Bell Labs]] had a significant technological lead in silicon transistor technology, they stopped doing proper research in the field—partly because it just wasn’t immediately relevant to AT&T’s business—so silicon transistor technology, including the integrated circuit, was done by Intel and Texas Instruments Instead. Around 1960, Tanenbaum, Buehler, and other scientists such as Gene Kunzler, Berndt Matthias, and [[Rudolf Kompfner|Rudy Kompfner]], invented the first high field [[Superconductors|superconducting]] magnets. Tanenbaum later moved into research management, first at [[Bell Labs]], and then elsewhere within the AT&T umbrella as head of the new Western Elrectric Engineering Research Center. He then moved into mainline telepone company managagement, serving as President of New Jersey Bell in the late 1970s and early 1980s. He returned to AT&T at the break up of the Bell System in 1984, serving as President of AT&T Communicatins. He retired in 1989 as Vice Chairman and Chief Financial Officer of AT&T.
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Around 1960, Tanenbaum, Buehler, and other engineers such as Gene Kunzler, Berndt Matthias, and [[Rudolf Kompfner|Rudy Kompfner]], invented the first high field [[Superconductors|superconducting]] magnets. Tanenbaum later moved into research management, first at Bell Labs, and then elsewhere within the AT&T umbrella as head of the new Western Electric Engineering Research Center. He later transitioned to mainline telephone company management, serving as President of New Jersey Bell in the late 1970s and early 1980s. He returned to AT&T at the break up of the Bell System in 1984, serving as President of AT&T Communications. He retired in 1989 as Vice Chairman and Chief Financial Officer of AT&T.
  
==== Sources: ====
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== Further Reading ==
[[Oral-History:Morris Tanenbaum|https://ethw.org/Oral-History:Morris_Tanenbaum]]
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[[Oral-History:Morris Tanenbaum|Morris Tanenbaum oral history]]
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[[Oral-History:Goldey, Hittinger and Tanenbaum|James Goldey, William Hittinger and Morris Tanenbaum oral history]]
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[[First-Hand:Serendipity and Superconducting Magnets|Serendipity and Superconducting Magnets]]
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[[First-Hand:Beginning of the Silicon Age|Beginning of the Silicon Age]]
  
 
<nowiki>https://web.njit.edu/~ieeenj/archived_newsletters/2009_12.pdf</nowiki>
 
<nowiki>https://web.njit.edu/~ieeenj/archived_newsletters/2009_12.pdf</nowiki>
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Tanenbaum}}
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[[Category:Computing_and_electronics]]
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[[Category:Electronic_components]]
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[[Category:Transistors]]

Latest revision as of 17:35, 4 December 2019

Morris Tanenbaum
Birthdate
1928/11/10
Associated organizations
Bell Labs
Fields of study
Transistors, Superconductivity

Biography

Morris Tanenbaum was born on November 10th, 1928. He is most known for making one of the world's first silicon transistor in 1955.

Tanenbaum received his Bachelors in chemistry from John Hopkins (1949) and his PhD in physical chemistry from Princeton. He began work at Bell Laboratories in 1952, in the Chemical Physics Department. He worked on the chemical composition of transistors. Ca. 1954, at William Shockley’s prompting, he began work on silicon crystals as possible transistors. With the invaluable collaboration of the technician Ernie Buehler, he developed one of the world’s first silicon transistors in January 1955. Gordon Teal and Texas Instruments developed a similar device in parallel. The same year he invented a diffused base silicon transistor. While Bell Labs had a significant technological lead in silicon transistor technology, they stopped doing proper research in the field, partly due to relevancy to AT&T’s business interests. As a result, silicon transistor technology, including the integrated circuit, was further developed by Intel and Texas Instruments.

Around 1960, Tanenbaum, Buehler, and other engineers such as Gene Kunzler, Berndt Matthias, and Rudy Kompfner, invented the first high field superconducting magnets. Tanenbaum later moved into research management, first at Bell Labs, and then elsewhere within the AT&T umbrella as head of the new Western Electric Engineering Research Center. He later transitioned to mainline telephone company management, serving as President of New Jersey Bell in the late 1970s and early 1980s. He returned to AT&T at the break up of the Bell System in 1984, serving as President of AT&T Communications. He retired in 1989 as Vice Chairman and Chief Financial Officer of AT&T.

Further Reading

Morris Tanenbaum oral history

James Goldey, William Hittinger and Morris Tanenbaum oral history

Serendipity and Superconducting Magnets

Beginning of the Silicon Age

https://web.njit.edu/~ieeenj/archived_newsletters/2009_12.pdf