View source for Human Space Travel Primary Sources ← Human Space Travel Primary Sources You do not have permission to edit this page, for the following reason: The action you have requested is limited to users in the group: Users. You can view and copy the source of this page. [[Image:Telatime_ruler.jpg|thumb|center|700px| A sliding ruler made by NASA for staff to keep track of the local time at its many ground-tracking stations around the world. To use it, the staff person would slide the timescale until the correct local time appeared in the window for his or her own station (eg Bermuda), then read off the time for the remote station (eg. Parkes Radiotelescope and Honeysuckle Creek in Australia). The History Center wishes to thank John Jacobs for the loan of this object.]] [[File:62043main Footprint on moon.jpg|right|thumb|250px|FOOTSTEPS: IEEE's Commemoration of Human Space Travel. Photo courtesy of NASA]] [[Image:Apollo_7_NASA_Image.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Liftoff of Apollo 7, first manned Apollo flight, on October 11, 1968. NASA Photo]] [[Image:Armstrong - Lunar Module.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Neil Armstrong works on the Lunar Module in the only photo taken of him on the moon from the surface]] [[Image:Apollo-Saturn 501 Vehicle Preparations - GPN-2000-000956.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Apollo-Saturn 501 Vehicle Preparations]] [[Image:Design Engineering NASA Apollo 1's Command Module Open Hatch NASA.jpg|thumb|250px|NASA Apollo 1's Command Module Open Hatch]] [[Image:Lunar Module.JPG|thumb|250px|This is the 13th Lunar Module built, and was originally intended for the Apollo 18 mission, which was cancelled. It is on display in the Cradle of Aviation Museum at Mitchel Field, Garden City, NY. ]] [[Image:RIAN archive 612748 Valentina Tereshkova.jpg|thumb|250px|Valentina Tereshkova, 1969, the first woman to have flown in space]] [[Image:John Glenn Entering Friendship 7 - GPN-2000-000652.jpg|thumb|250px|Astronaut John Glenn, Jr., as he enters the spacecraft Friendship 7 prior to MA-6 launch operations at Launch Complex 14, February 20, 1962. Astronaut Glenn is entering his spacecraft to begin the first American manned Earth orbital mission]] In 2019, IEEE FOOTSTEPS is celebrating the contributions technologists in IEEE's fields of interest made to human space travel. This is a resource page for primary source materials (e.g. [[Oral-History:List of all Oral Histories|oral histories]], [[First-Hand:List of First Hand Histories|first-hand histories]], [[Commemorating_Important_Achievements_in_Engineering|milestones]], etc.) related to commemorating human space travel, the Saturn and Apollo Projects, and the Lunar landings of 1969. If you know of materials that should be added to these pages such as Oral histories, First-Hand Histories, Journal or Conference papers, etc. please contact Robert Colburn at the IEEE History Center r.colburn at ieee.org For further resources, see: *[[Human_Space_Travel_Seminal_IEEE_Journal_and_Conference_Papers|Seminal IEEE journal and conference papers related to Human Space Travel]] *[[Human_Space_Travel_Images_and_Video_resource_page|Images, video, and audio resources related to Human Space Travel]] We encourage anyone who was involved in the technologies for the Apollo project to [[Create|write a First-Hand History or a encyclopedia article for the ETHW]]. == Primary accounts == === Oral Histories === *[[Oral-History:Robert_Briskman|Robert Briskman]] Space communications, Unified S-band system *[[Oral-History:Merrill_Buckley|Merril Buckley]] project management for complex electronic systems (e.g., AEGIS, APOLLO) *[[Oral-History:Sajjad_Durrani|Sajjad Durrani]] Space communications pioneer, COMSAT, NASA *[[Oral-History:Ivan_A._Getting_(1995)|Ivan Getting]] President of The Aerospace Corporation, launches of ''Mercury'' and ''Gemini'' *[[Oral-History:Dimitry_Grabbe|Dimitry Grabbe]] electronic components for Apollo project, especially for Apollo guidance computer *[[Oral-History:William_Gretsch|William Gretsch]] TV camera for Apollo project *[[Oral-History:Myron_Kayton|Myron Kayton]] lunar modular electronics, shuttle electronics *[[Oral-History:James_Lovell|James Lovell]] ''Gemini'' and ''Apollo VIII'' and ''Apollo XIII'' missions, first person to make a second voyage to the Moon *[[Oral-History:Naomi McAfee (2003)|Naomi McAfee]] (2003) Apollo lunar camera *[[Oral-History:Naomi McAfee|Naomi McAfee]] (2010, IEEE) Apollo lunar camera *[[Oral-History:Naomi McAfee (2010)|Naomi McAfee]] (2010, SWE) Apollo lunar camera *[[Oral-History:Ian_Ross|Ian Ross]] Managing Director of Bellcom, systems engineering to NASA's Project Apollo, remote sensing of lunar surface (safe to land?) *[https://www.dropbox.com/s/j1z5lponhpwtzt8/New%20Balraj%20Sokkappa%20Interview.mp4?dl=0 Balraj Sokkappa] Steering equations for command module, and training astronauts *[[Oral-History:Cary_Spitzer|Cary Spitzer]] NASA Langley Research Center *[https://www.projectdiana-eme.com/oral-history-transcript.html E. King Stodola] Project Diana Project Manager *[[Oral-History:Gene_Strull|Gene Strull]] TV camera for Apollo project, work for NASA *[[Oral-History:Len_Svensson|Len Svensson]] managed team that built TV camera used in Apollo Moon landing *[[Oral-History:Arthur_Winston|Arthur Winston]] Apollo heat shield technology, reminiscence about Buzz Aldrin === Space Travel First Hand Histories === ==== Launch Vehicles ==== *[https://ethw.org/Low-thrust_Interplanetary_Vehicles Low-thrust Interplanetary Vehicles, by Gerard Ash] *[[First-Hand:Project Mercury Experience of Rufus Chávez|Project Mercury, Atlas/Redstone testing, meeting Wehner von Braun, by Rufus Chávez]] *[[First-Hand:My_Experiences_as_a_Space_Engineer:_The_Pre-launch_Years|First hand experience as a space engineer, the pre-launch years, by Saj Durrani]] *[[First-Hand:Robert Alden Hutchison Apollo reminiscences|Robert Alden Hutchison Apollo reminiscences, pipes and bellows for rocket engines]] ==== Components ==== *[[First-Hand:Manufacturer of Silicon Transistors useful in Apollo|Manufacturer of Silicon Transistors useful in Apollo, by Edward N. Clarke]] *[[First-Hand:My_Saturn_5_Experiences|My Saturn 5 transistors and pump motors by Darrell Tesdall]] *[https://ethw.org/Signal_Processing_for_the_Lunar_Module Signal Processing and Components for the Lunar Module by George Yabroudy] ==== Navigation, Trajectory, and Guidance ==== *[[First-Hand:Description of the Error Angle Counter module|Description of the Error Angle Counter module, by Mark Birnbaum]] *[[First-Hand:Recollections of the Hand Control for the Apollo Capsule|Recollections of the Hand Control for the Apollo Capsule, by Russ Crum]] *[[Testing_the_Apollo_Guidance_and_Navigation_System|Testing the Apollo Guidance and Navigation System by James Murphy]] *[[First-Hand:Apollo Project by Stavroulakis|Satellite orbit interspacing, by Peter Stavroulakis]] *[[First-Hand:Recollections of the Terminal Descent Landing Radar|Recollections of the Terminal Descent Landing Radar, by Don Watts]] *[[First-Hand:Hacking Apollo's Guidance Computer|Hacking Apollo's Guidance Computer, by Walt Whipple]] ==== Lunar Module ==== *[[First-Hand:Making Sure that the Lunar Lander was Correctly Tested|Making Sure that the Lunar Lander was Correctly Tested, by Robert Catenaro]] *[[First-Hand:My Work on the Apollo Program|Lunar Module design, landing and takeoff, and the camera showing takeoff from the Moon, by Richard Coen]] *[[First-Hand:Rough_Combustion_Cut-off_Assembly_for_Lunar_Module|Rough Combustion Cut-off Assembly for Lunar Module, by Bob Fitzgerald]] *[[First-Hand:Background of how I became involved in the Saturn-Apollo Lunar Landing Program|Background of how I became involved in the Saturn-Apollo Lunar Landing Program, by Walker H. Land]] *[[First-Hand:Recollections of the Apollo and Lunar Module simulators|Recollections of the Apollo and Lunar Module simulators, by Edward Martin]] *[[First-Hand:The_Lunar_Module_(LM)_Full_Mission_Engineering_Simulator_(FMES)|Lunar Module Mission Engineering Simulation, by John H (Jack) Sachleben]] *[[First-Hand:Haywood_Satz_Lunar_Module_simulator|Lunar Module simulator, by Haywood (Woody) Satz]] *[[First-Hand:Astronaut Training on Lunar Landing Training Vehicles (LLTVs)|Astronaut Training on Lunar Landing Training Vehicles (LLTVs), by Henry A. Siemienowski]] ==== Lunar Surface and Remote Sensing ==== *[[First-Hand:50th Anniversary of Apollo Lunar Landing & 50 years in Space Research: A Personal Reminiscence|50th Anniversary of Apollo Lunar Landing & 50 years in Space Research: A Personal Reminiscence, by Clive Dyer]] *[[Studying_the_surface_of_the_moon_by_radar|Studying Lunar Surface Using Radar by John Evans]] *[[David_Flinchbaugh_on_Lunar_Laser_Experiments| Lunar Laser Experiments by David Flinchbaugh]] *[[First-Hand:Kumar Krishen's Moon Exploration Journey|Kumar Krishen on determining Moon surface composition by radar]] ==== Telemetry, Launch Pad Safety, Range Safety ==== *[[First-Hand:Space Program reminiscences|Telemetry Range Safety Antennas, by Carol Crom]] *[[First-Hand:Elden_Recollections_of_Space_Exploration_Historical_Events|Recollections of the ground telemetry for Apollo by Walter Elden]] *[[First-Hand:George L. Gentzler Jr. Apollo Experiences|George L. Gentzler Jr. Field operations, launch pad safety, Ascension Island]] *[[First-Hand:John Jacobs Apollo Experience|Bermuda tracking station, range safety transmitters by John Jacobs]] *[[First-Hand:Reliability Engineering at GE Apollo Support Department|Reliability Engineering at GE Apollo Support Department, by Larry Miller]] *[[First-Hand:Apollo_1_Disaster_Tape_Analysis_by_Bell_Telephone_Laboratories,_Incorporated|Apollo 1 disaster tape analysis by Bell Labs, by A. Michael Noll]] *[[First-Hand:Saturn V ground support computer reminiscences|Saturn V ground support computer reminiscences, by Richard Reis]] ==== Space Communications ==== *[https://ethw.org/George_Whitehead_Apollo_S-Band_Communications Apollo S-band Transponder and Space Communications, by George Whitehead] == Encyclopedia Articles == === Biographies === *[[Julian J. Bussgang]] Bussgang was a consultant to Grumman Aircraft in the selection, simulation and evaluation of Rendezvous Radar and Landing Radar for LEM (Lunar Module). *[[Robert Edwards]] Re-entry guidance for Apollo *[[Maxime A. Faget]] Chief Engineer and Director of Engineering and Development at the Johnson Space Center *[[Keith_Glennan|Keith Glennan]] first Administrator of NASA *[[Peter_Glaser|Peter Glaser]] Project manager for the ''Apollo XI'' Laser Ranging Retro-reflector Array, also involved with solar power and generating power in space. *[[Lawrence A. Hyland]] Hughes Electronics Co., 1967 ''Surveyor'' moon landing *[[Neal A. Richardson]] TRW's evaluation of the Apollo Lunar Landing success probability === Organizations === *[[NASA]] NASA === Technical topics === *[[Communications Satellites]] *[[Bacon%27s Fuel Cell]] *[[:Category:Aerospace_engineering|Aerospace Engineering category page]] == Recognitions == === ASME Landmarks === *[[ASME-Landmark:Apollo_Space_Suit|Apollo Space Suit]] *[[ASME-Landmark:Apollo_Lunar_Module_LM-13|Apollo Lunar Module]] *[[ASME-Landmark:Apollo_Space_Command_Module|Apollo Space command module]] *[[ASME-Landmark:Saturn_V_Rocket_-_Florida|Saturn 5 from Florida]] *[[ASME-Landmark:Saturn_V_Rocket_-_Alabama|Saturn 5 from Alabama]] *[[ASME-Landmark:Saturn_V_Rocket_-_Texas|Saturn 5 from Texas]] === IEEE Milestones === *[[Milestones:Mercury_Spacecraft_MA-6,_1962|Mercury Spacecraft MA-6, 1962]] *[[Milestones:Apollo Guidance Computer, 1962-1972|Apollo Guidance Computer, 1962-1972]] *[[Milestones:Electronic_Technology_for_Space_Rocket_Launches,_1950-1969|Electronic technology for space rocket launches, 1950-1969]] *[[Milestones:Grumman_Lunar_Module,_1962-1972|Grumman Lunar Module]] We encourage any IEEE member to propose Space Travel-related achievements as an IEEE Milestone. If you are interested in proposing an IEEE Milestone, you can find the instructions here: [http://ieeemilestones.ethw.org/Milestone_Guidelines_and_How_to_Propose_a_Milestone Milestone Guidelines]. To see the Milestone proposals already in progress, please go to: [http://ieeemilestones.ethw.org/Milestones_Status_Report Milestone Status Report] [[Category:Transportation]] [[Category:Aerospace_engineering]] [[Category:Navigation]] [[Category:Rockets]] Return to Human Space Travel Primary Sources. Retrieved from "https://ethw.org/Human_Space_Travel_Primary_Sources"