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== Biography ==
== Biography ==
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|−|<p>Ernst Weber (1901-1996) was born in Vienna, Austria in 1901. The impact of his family influenced him greatly in learning about and later choosing a career in the sciences. After graduating from college and earning his engineering diploma in 1924, he began to work for the Siemens Corporation. Here he worked on a series of projects including conformal mapping and solving problems within the mining industry. At this time he continued with his education and received a Ph.D. in electrical engineering in 1927. His dissertation topic was to find why deviations in electronic charges occur and resolving the discrepancy between Ehrenhafts' experiments and [[ Robert A. Millikan| Robert A. Millikan]] 's theory. </p> |+|
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|−|<p>Weber eventually left Germany because of the rise of Nazism and came to the U.S. Here he became an educator along with being a scientist. His interest in the educational systems and specifically the differences between an American approach from a European design led him to teach and prepare future engineers in new ways. His work in this area eventually led to his being named President of the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. Though his impact on education was considerable--he helped train a generation of Americans at Polytechnic--he continued to do research , notably on efforts involved with radar. During World War II he was chairman of the Basic Science Group of AlEE and later joined [[ MIT Rad Lab| MIT's Rad Lab]] . Since this time he has worked closely with his graduate students on a series of American corporations on developing radar and related projects, including Airborne Instrument Laboratories, Corning Glass, Sperry, Harris-Intertype, Hewlett-Packard. He also established he Polytechnic Research Development Corporation, later sold to Harris-Intertype in 1959. </p> |+|
Weber of the of and the U.S. a . in the and the from in . work in to the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. was a of he research . During World War IIhe [[|]] and projects , , ,, he Polytechnic, in .
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|−|<p>In 1952 he organized the Microwave symposia and became [[ Presidents of the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE)|President of IRE]] in 1959 and the [[Presidents of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) |first president]] of [[Formation of IEEE by the Merger of AIEE and IRE|the merged IEEE]] in 1963. He resigned as President of Polytechnic in 1969. He joined the Advisory Committee for the Division of Engineering of the National Research Council and later became its chairman. He worked here until 1978. He was also involved in centralizing the engineering societies in the U.S. After Polytechnic he began to study and work with organizations concerned with such diverse topics as limiting automobile pollution and predicting earthquakes. Weber continued to work as a volunteer for IEEE through the 1970s and 1980s. </p> |+|
[[|President of Institute of )]]
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|−|== More information == |+|
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|−|<p>[[ Ernst Weber Oral History (1988)|The 1988 Oral History]] with Weber on the GHN contains extended discussion of his role in the early history of IEEE. |+|
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Oral-History:Ernst Weber ( 1991)| The 1991 Oral History with]] Weber contains extended discussion of his education, and his career as an engineer and educator. </p> |+|
[[()|]] Weber of education, and an and .
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|−|[[Archives:Bridger of Cultures: Ernst Weber as Researcher, Educator, and Statesman|Bridger of Cultures: Ernst Weber as Researcher, Educator, and Statesman]] - Profile of Ernst Weber |+|
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Category:IEEE]] [[ Category: Prominent_members]]</p> |+|
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Revision as of 12:53, 17 August 2012
Ernst Weber was the first president of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and one of the founders of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering. Weber was born in Vienna, Austria on 6 September 1901. Growing up in war torn Vienna did not stifle Weber’s interests in electrical engineering. He earned a B.S. degree in 1924 from the Technical University of Vienna and two Ph.D.’s, one from the University of Vienna in 1926 and another in engineering from the Technical University of Vienna in 1927. Doing research based on his mastery of mathematics and physics, he went to work for Siemens-Schukert in 1924. In the fall of 1930, he was invited to be Visiting Professor at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. A year later he was named a Research Professor of Electrical Engineering in charge of graduate study. Weber joined the IRE as a member in 1941, and was elevated to Senior member in 1943. From 1942 to 1945, he was Professor of Graduate Electrical Engineering and head of graduate study and research in that field. During World War II, he worked on radar and other military projects and also helped establish a company, Polytechnic R&D, (formerly with the Office of Scientific Research and Development,) which developed and manufactured microwave devices. In 1945, he was appointed Chairman of the Electrical Engineering Department and Director of the Microwave Research Institute at Polytechnic. Weber became a Fellow of the IRE in 1951. In 1957, Weber became the president of the Polytechnic University and held this position until his retirement in 1969.
Weber becomes President of Polytechnic University (Institute of Brooklyn)
Weber is widely recognized for organizing a research group devoted to microwave research. Under his guidance, they developed the precision microwave attenuator, which was desperately needed for 100 the accurate calibration of radar. Weber’s research organization founded in 1944, Polytechnic R&D, was granted over 30 patents. Weber also worked in the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) setting standards for radio equipment. Weber also played a large role in the merger of the IRE and the American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE). Weber was a Fellow of both organizations and his leadership emphasized diversity and mutual support. Weber demonstrated that diversity was a source of strength and that having separate almost autonomous research groups was the secret of the organization’s strength. Weber’s administration of the merger earned him praise. He also allowed researchers to participate in the changes and committee formations. Weber’s leadership laid the foundation for the IEEE’s present structure of many technical societies within a profession society.
Following his retirement in 1969 from the Polytechnic Institute Weber, who was named President Emeritus of Polytechnic, worked for the U.S. National Research Council for nine years. He published over fifty papers and two textbooks on electromagnetic field, linear and non-linear circuits, and microwave measurements. He also earned six honorary doctorates. Weber also served as President of the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) in 1959. In 1963, he became the first President of the IEEE when the AIEE merged with the IRE. Weber was presented with many awards during his life, including the U.S. Presidential Certificate of Honor in 1948, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Founders Award in 1971 “for leadership in the advancement of the electrical and electronics engineering profession in the fields of education, engineering societies, industry and government,” and the U.S. National Medal of Science in 1987. Eta Kappa Nu named him an Eminent Member in 1962. Weber died 16 February 1996 in Columbus, North Carolina. He had two stepdaughters and was married to Sonya Weber.
The 1988 Oral History with Weber on the GHN contains extended discussion of his role in the early history of IEEE.
The 1991 Oral History with Weber contains extended discussion of his education, and his career as an engineer and educator.
Bridger of Cultures: Ernst Weber as Researcher, Educator, and Statesman - Profile of Ernst Weber